Choosing Towels | Yarn Properties

I mentioned in the previous article that many factors affect towel prices such as yarn, weaving and dying types. I will explain here only yarn types.

All terry towels are weaved from a ground warp, weft thread, and a pile end. Warp, Weft and Pile yarn consumption in most towels are 20-20-80 percent respectively. That’s why my whole point is going to be about pile yarn properties in this article. There are 3 different yarn types are used in towel production. There are also another yarn types like air cotton and micro cotton yarns but ı won’t go into them. 

Combed Towels

The combed cotton yarn is a kind of yarn that has been combed to separate shorter fibers to make the yarn stronger and softer. Almost 12-15% of the cotton volume is removed by this way. Which results in a finer, stronger, higher-quality and more durable cotton yarn. It means very soft yarns but slightly more expensive than carded yarns.

We prefer to use mostly combed yarns in luxury towels and bathrobes because towels are height-weight products in the textile industry.  That means it is really high-cost raw material for regular towels.  Combed yarns are usually preferred in men and women’s clothing and underwears.

Carded(Ring) Towels

Carded yarn production process is same as the combed process but there is no ”Combing machine” to separate short fibers in spinning. That’s the way carded yarns has shorter fibers and more hairy appearance but carded yarns are the ideal yarn type for terry towels.

  • It is roughly 20% cheaper than combed yarns, it is economic. That is enough reason to be preferred in towels which are really heavy weight products.
  • The shrinkage of carded yarn is higher than combed yarn but this property is not as important in the towels as it is in the clothes. I mean there won’t be a problem if the hand towel size is 50×95 cm instead of 50×100 cm after washing.
  • Towels made from carded yarns are highly enough absorbent and quick dry.
  • There is no difference between combed and carded yarns in the context of colorfastness to light and color fastness to washing. On the other hand fastness to rubbing is less than combed yarns.  Be careful! Fastness to rubbing is important in yarn dyed towels. Especially contrast colors like white-black yarn dyed towels

Open-End Towels

Open-end spinning is completely different from carded or combed spinning process. There is not a ring frame and winding process in open-end yarn production. That means open-end production rate is higher than carded yarn machines so open-end yarns are cheaper than carded or combed yarns. Open-end towel properties;

  • There is no difference in the water absorption rate of ring spun and open-end terry towels.
  • The abrasion resistance of open-end towels is lower than that of ring towels in both wet and dry states.
  • The softness of ring towels is better than open-end towels. Be careful! open-end towels are looks like ring towels with chemical treatments like silicon. we can understand after washing if it is an open-end towel or carded towel.
  • Open-end towels are cheapest towels so it can be preferred in promotion towels. 

I added a representative table to see the differences of the towels produced from all kinds of yarn types. That table gives you an idea to make a decision on the buying process. As a result, combed towels are almost 20% more expensive than carded towels and carded towels are 10% more expensive than open-end towels.

If you like that article, you can read my another article about weaving types for towels: Choosing Towels | Weaving

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